Three transient, regional-scale flow models will be developed and documented. The two models being developed by USGS (middle and lower HRB) will follow similar construction, design, and calibration approach and will be constructed using MODFLOW-NWT. Model approach includes:
The existing Middle HRB flow model will be revised and recalibrated. Flow will come into the model from the Upper HRB model at USGS gaging station Humboldt River near Carlin (site id 10321000).
Drainage Area: 11,160 square miles
Grid Cells: 36,623 active grid cells that are 2,000 ft square (about 92 acres per cell)
Boundary: Follows the Humboldt River Basin from upstream of the Carlin streamgage downstream to the Imlay streamgage. The boundary also includes Grass Valley (Hydrographic Area 138) and Buffalo Valley (Hydrographic Area 131)
Major Drainages: Pine Creek, Susie Creek, Maggie Creek, Martin Creek, Rock Creek, Little Humboldt River, the lower parts of the Reese River Valley, and the upper part of the Little Humboldt River drainage
Will be discretized using a uniform grid and divided into 4 hydrologic model layers
Formation of pit lakes will be represented in the middle HRB model for the mine dewatering operations that have or potentially will result in pit lake formation when mine dewatering is stopped.
Pit lakes will be simulated using the MODFLOW Lake package and will occur in the model layer 2 if pit lake occurs in basin fill or from layer 3 if pit lake is formed in consolidated rock unit. Simulation of filling of pit lakes will result from groundwater inflow to lakes from adjacent aquifer material as well as from direct precipitation and any surface runoff contributions that are specified.
The Lake package simulates lake evaporation from and precipitation onto lake surface area that is related to simulated lake depth. Lake evaporation and precipitation rates are specified and will be based on existing estimates of open water evaporation and precipitation rates.
New model will be built and calibrated.
Drainage Area: 1,160 square miles
Grid Cells: 8,398 active grid cells that are 2,000 ft square (about 92 acres per cell)
Boundary: Outlines the basin boundary from the Imlay streamgage to the Humboldt Dike
Will be discretized using a uniform grid and divided into 2-3 hydrologic model layers.