U.S. Geological Survey — U.S. Department of Energy Cooperative Studies in Nevada
Underground testing of nuclear weapons at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) has created potential environmental hazards. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is concerned about these hazards and is committed to comply with existing environmental laws and regulations. In this regard, DOE established and manages the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Activity as part of the Nevada Environmental Management Operations Activity (EMOA) that is tasked with performing corrective actions for inactive contaminated sites and facilities in Nevada where nuclear tests and weapons experiments have been conducted. The UGTA Activity goals are to identify risks where radiological contamination may exist in groundwater as a result of underground nuclear tests, predict the movement of potentially contaminated groundwater, and define the contaminant boundaries or extent of migration of the radionuclides released during testing.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides hydrologic expertise and technical guidance to DOE in support of the UGTA program, primarily on activities related to the characterization of the groundwater flow system. Principal USGS objectives for this program are to:
Surveying a benchmark in Yucca Flat.
U.S. Geological Survey,
Nevada Water Science Center
160 N. Stephanie Street
Henderson, NV 89074-8829